This nine acre botanic garden in Gabarone features collections of living plants for education and research in a beautiful natural setting with historic buildings. Established indigenous trees and shrubs at the site were incorporated into the garden design and other native plants were brought in from various areas around Botswana.
A herbarium has been set up for research. One of the main goals of the garden’s planners was to promote awareness of the biodiversity of the region and to conserve its rare indigenous plant species.
The National Botanical Garden is a 7-hectare (17-acre) park located along the Notwane River 3 kilometres (1.9 mi) south-east of the city center of Gaborone. The National Botanical Garden first opened on 2 November 2007 with the purpose of protecting Botswana’s heritage. The park is managed under the Natural History Division of the Botswana National Museum. It is the first botanical garden in Botswana, housing indigenous plants from around Botswana.
The garden is composed of six sections corresponding to six different ecological regions in Botswana. The six regions and common plants found in that region are
- Chobe – Moporota (Sausage Tree) and Mukusi (Pod Mahogany)
- Okavango And Salt Pans – Tsaro (Wild Date Palm) and Mokolwane (Ilala Palm)
- Mophane Woodland – Mophane and Monepenepe (Long-tail Cassia)
- North-Eastern Kalahari – Mokgwapha (Mountain Aloe) and Mosunyana (Umbrella Thorn)
- Mashatu – Motha (Nyala Tree) and More-o-mosetlha (Fever Tree)
- South Western Kalahari – Hoodia and grasses
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